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孙含欣:山地公园诸景备,贵山贵水等君来

日期:2022-09-26 20:37:16 作者:福玩28网 浏览:409 次
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本文重点:孙含欣:山地公园诸景备,贵山贵水等君来 Areporterdoescloud-basedvideoeditingtoreportonthefourthsessionofthe13thNationalPeople’sCongressinBeijinginMarch,2021Photo:CFPThedevelopmentofcommunicatio’stechnologicalchangeconstantlychallengesthetheboundariesofjournalism,,deputydeanoftheSchoolofJournalismandCommunicationatTsinghuaUniversity,saidthatdigitalnewsproductiondrivenbyinternettechnologyisanimportantsubjectandmotivationforchangesin,andexplorationof,,itchangesthenewsproductionprocess,greatlyspeedsupinformationproductionanddissemination,andallowsaudiencestotrackthelatestinformationanytime,,withthewidespreaduseoftelevisioncommunicationtechnologyinthejournalismindustry,,aprofessorfromtheSchoolofMediaandCommunicationatShenzhenUniversity,said,andthe“audience”inthetraditionalsensehasbecomemoreactiveinnewsproduction,whichwilldefinitelybringaboutnewdevelopmentsindigitaljournalism’,journalismresearchershavetheresponsibilitytomakejournalismadiearchersfromeightcountriesusingtheDelphimethod[anin-depthsystematicqualitativemethodologythatconsistsofseveralroundsofwrittenquestionnaireswhichcollectexpertopinions],Changhighlightedf,“symbiosisoftechnologyandculture”asitsepistemologicalbasis,witscourseandinformationdemocracyasitsvaluegoal,digitaljournalismisanewparadigmforjournalism,w[theorganizationofnewswiththemostimportantinformationfirst]andthetumbledpyramid[whereinthenewsbuildsfromaleveloflessinformationtoincreasinglydeeperandvariedinformationlevelsonthetheme],Shiandhisteamproposeda“pyramid”structurebasedonsocialmedia[withintegratedmultimediareportingontopofthebaselayerofsocialmediareporting,andtraditionalmediareportsattheverytopofthestructure].Atthesametime,byanalyzingthelinkageeffectoftraditionalmediaandnewmedia,aswellasthatofdomesticandforeignpublicopinionfieldsshowcasedinsuccessfulmediareportsinChina,a“rippleeffect”modelofall-medianewsdisseminationisconstructed,withhopesofcreatingajourna’spracticeandformathaspromptedtheacademiccommunitytoreflectontheex,aprofessorfromtheSchoolofJournalismandCommunicationfromtheUniversityofChineseAcademyofSocialSciences,calledforthecorrecthandlingoftherelationshipbetweenglobalperspectivesandlocalacademicresearch,onthebasisofclarifyingresearchtraditions,soastopromotetheoreticaldeepeningandinnovation.“Oneofthecoreissuesishowtoreasonablyshareandusenews,”,therighttoknow,,itisnecessarytoresearchsuchtopicsasnewsbiasanddiscrimination,andtheuseofnews.“Futuredigitaljournalismwillconsistoffiveelements:platforms,algorithms,bigdata,alternativemedia,,andconstantlyreviewandpondertherelationshipbetweennewsdiscourseandtechnologyinthepracticeofglobaldigitaljournalism,”Shiconcluded.

Theriseofconfrontationalandexclusiveforcesintoday’,arecrucialforinternationalrelations,allsovereignstatesshouldfollowtheprinciplesofequality,mutualrespect,,,whichisalsothefoundationofstatesymbiosis,,theliberalworldcreatedvariouspoliticaldoctrinestofindtheoreticalexcusesforinterferinginothercountries’domesticaffairs,,itisdestinedtobedangerous,,amongwhichconfrontationalinstitutionalsystemwithincountrieshavelongbeenneglected,whileithasanegativeimpactonmultilateralism,globalgovernance,,rrangeme,withgrowingdoubtsaboutwhetheritsdomesticconfrontationalnaldivisionsandrivalries,,andthedecliningwillingness,sluggishnessandwobbleofmoreandmorecountriesregardingglobalgovernance,arere,,,andChinesepoliticaleconomytheory,whenweunderstandtheworldbasedonthelogicalclueofproduction-exchange-distribution-state-worldmarket-liberation,wemightbeabletoprovideanewviewofinternationalpolitics,andwecouldtrytounderstandinternationalpoliticsfromtheperspectivesofallhumemicForuminChina2022.黔南贵定人保财险:走进采石场 送上风险排查服务


Sincetheconceptofcomputationaljournalismwasputforwardatthebeginningofthiscentury,itstheoryandmeaninghave,itcoversarangeofinformationtechnologiesappliedtojournalism,fromchatbotsandrecommendationsystemstoartificialintelligence(AI),production,,algorithms,andsoftware—collectivelyreferredtoasmachines—,,rssuchasindividualcognitivedifferences,thenewsproductionprocess,organizationalcharacteristics,andexternalsocialinstitutionalactorssuchasadvertisersandgovernments,,,however,,originatorofthegatekeepingtheory,pointedout,we’,somescholarscontendthatthegatekeepingtheoryisoutdated,somescholarsdefineusersas“secondarygatekeepers,”whileothersbelievethattheroleofjournalismischangingfrom“constructersofsocialreality”to“managersofasecondaryreleaseofonlinecontent,”thus,theirrolehasshiftedfromgatekeepersto“gatewatchers.”Contemporarygatekeepingtheoryseeshumanroles,suchasjournalists,professionalopinionleaders,andonlineinfluencers,aswellastechnologicalrolessuchasalgorithms,andtheirinteractions,,somejournalismandcommunicationscholarshavenoticedthatthealgorithms,aggregators,scoringsystems,andregulatoryplatformsbuiltintosearchengineshavebeenplayingtheroleofgatekeepers,,,digitalgatekeepershavepenetratedeverylinkofnewsgathering,production,,ComputationalNewsDiscovery(CND)isaparticularapplicationarearelatedtotheuseofalgorithmstoorienteditorialattent,pickupsuddenhotspotsorregularactivities,identifyandtrackthem,andtifyitemsthpatternsfromthehistoricaldataofreporting,andthenexpuatethevalueofreporting,todecidewhetherornottocarryoutfurtherinvestigationandfollow-upreports,,CNDworkswithjournalists,ingchannels,potentiallyaggravatingjournalists’,CNDcansavetimebyaccuratelyfilteringoutcontentthatwouldotherwiseattractattention,whereasinotherscenarios,it’,journalistshavedifferentexpectationsoftheeffortputintodifferenttypesofnewsleads,s,theCNDsystemshouldpreliminarilyassesstheimportanceofpushcontentinordertoeffectivelydirectusers’,,themachine’,thehuman-centeredsocio-technicalgatekeepingprocessshouldenhancetheCNDsystem’sconfigurability,,theremightbeacontradiction,astheindustrialnatureofmodernmediawilldrivecapitaltocontinuouslyimprovet,thealgorithm-driventransformationofstructureddataintonewstext,,embedstheinformationincustomizedtemplates,,a,,andthatautomatedjournalismcannotbedivorcedfromspecificsocial,cultural,andpoliticalcontexts,,automatedjournalismentailsmachinesthatproducenews,“machineswritingforpeople,”wehaveseentheemergenceof“peoplewritingformachines”—racteristicsoftheaudience,cateringtodifferentreadingdevices,agegroups,mplexprocessofnewsproduction,allowingthemtofocusona,thetrade-offisthateditorshavetogiveupsomeoftheirgatek,,investigativejournalismstoriesareunique,soitisdifficulttoobtainAItrainingdata,andthetrainingmodelsarenotuniversal,,itdoesn’,AIcanassistinvestigativejournalistswithdatacleansingandcollation,,TheAtlanticreporterBillDedmantrawledthroughmountainsofhome-mortgagedatawiththehelpofcomputerstowri(ANR)adoptsthedistributionmethodofrecommendingpersonalizednews,whichinfluencesusers’sandpreferences,,machinesdominatetheANRgatekeepingprocess,whichleadstoaseriesofproblemssuchasinforma,inthecontextofANR,journalisticvaluesarechangingasjournalistnewsroomandbelievethattradit,whenaskedhowtodesignasuccessfulANR,respondentsfirstemphasizedthecorevaluesoftransparency,diversity,editorialautonomy,breadthofinformation,personalrelevance,andpleasuretouse,whiletheyfeltthattraditionalnewsvaluessuchasobjectivity,neutrality,,includingdatascientists,productmanagers,anduserexperienceengineers,,,audiences,media,socialplatforms,andthegovernmentshould,wewouldbeoverwhelmedbythefloodofinformationwithoutanalgorithm’,whatkindofnewsgatekeepersdowewantmachinestobeMachineshavenoinstincts,buttheyarebuiltuponcertaincultural,political,tivenessofhumangatekeeping,gatekeepingprocess,butalsoleadstoanexcessiverk,thecore,itisnecessarytounderstandthecultural,political,,weshouldclearlyviewthecommunicationmode’,asinnovationssuchasnewscsiaatXi’anJiaotongUniversity.

Karl-HeinzPohlisaGermansi:COURTESYOFPOHLAsaGermansinologistandaprofessorofChinesestudiesatTrierUniversityinGermany,ProfessorKarl-HeinzPohlhaslongbeendevotedtotheresearchofChineseintellectualhistory,ethics,andaesthetics,aswe’iao:Poet,PainterandCalligrapher(1990),AestheticsandLiteraryTheoryinChina:FromTraditiontoModernity(inGermanandtranslatedintoChinese,2006),’,,:WhatdoyouthinkarethefundamentaldifferencesbetweenChineseandWesternintellectualandvaluesystemsPohl:Afundamentaldifferenceisthe“conceptofman.”TheconceptofmanintheEuropean/,thewordmeans:theultimate“indivisible”—“indivisible”“atomistic”viewofhumanbeings:weareallatoms,,especiallythatofConfucianism,isthatofmanasa“relationalbeing.”Wecanonlyliveourhumanitybyhavingandcultivatingrelationships:firstaschildrenofparents,thenasparentsofchildren,brothersandsisters,relatives,friends,compatriots,:HowdoyouunderstandConfucianismAretheremisunderstandingsoforprejudicesagainstConfucianisminWesternacademiaPohl:,thefamilyhasanimportantpositioninConfucianism,asdoesdecentorrituallycorrectbehavior(礼)towardsoneanother—whichisnotsupposedtobeamereexternality,butanexpressionofgenuine“benevolence”(仁).AlthoughitwashighlyreveredinEuropeduringtheEnlightenment(17th–18thcenturies),ConfucianismfellintooblivionaftertheFrenchRevolutionorwasonlyreceivednegatively(asitwasbytheChineseintellectualsoftheMayFourthMovement,namelyasthehallmarkofanossifiedsocialsystem).Today,,itisimportantthatpeo,hehasdonealottoconveyanewunderstandingofConfucianism,atleastamongthosewhoareinterestedinChina,namelythatConfucianismalsohasaspiritualdimensionandcouldwellhavesignificancefortoday’,TuWeiminghasbroughtbacktolightthesideofConfucianismthathadcompletelyfadedawayforalongtime,namelythatConfucianismisatraditionnotonlyofwisdom,butalsoofahighethicalstandard,andthatitalsohasanalmostspiritualtradition,namelyintheemphasisonxiuyang(修养),orself-cultivation,thatthisisbasicallythecoreofConfucianism—andnotasocialhierarchyandall,,:,andonecancertainlyaskwhatofthisresourceisstillinterestingandimportanttoday,:Itisgenerallyknown:,ifoneunderstandsaestheticsasphilosophyofart,thentheChineseintellectualsunderstoodearlyont,ChineseintellectualsfoundthattheWestwasshapedbyreligion(Christianity),“Aestheticeducationinsteadofreligion!”LinYutangsaid(inMyCountryandMyPeople):“PoetrymaywellbecalledtheChinaman’sreligion.”TheChineselanguageorscripthasanaestheticdimensionthroughthecharactersalone—andthroughcalligraphy—,,namelytheformalcharacteristics,[intheWest].Despitethislimitationduetothelossofaestheticfeatures,Chinesepoetry,whenitwasdiscoveredherearound1900,,,GustavMahlerwroteagreatsymphoniccantatainhis“TheSongoftheEarth,”basedonthetextsofpoemsbyLiBai,MengHaoran,WangWei,ntfromtheactualoriginals,thisworkrepr,Yin-Yangthinkingplaysaveryimportantrole:ureinChineseculture:parallelism(对仗)inpoetryortheparallelsayings(对联),Daoist,—andperhapsalsothroughthetranslationoftheterm“aesthetics”intoChineseas美学,“doctrineofthebeautiful”—Chinesescholarshavebeenluredontothetrackofsearchingfor“beauty”,“beauty”playedvirtuallynoroleintraditionalChineseart—(Confucian)orthenatural(Daoist).Inanycase,,;andbooksonaestheticsdon’,ontheotherhand,aestheticshasanessentialconnectiontoChina’“aestheticsfever”(asinthe1980s,triggeredbythepublicationofLiZehou’sThePathofBeauty),thatfortraditionalChina,anaestheticsconsciousness(审美境界),suchaspainting,butalsoinliterature,,,itwasratherthedrama,thetragedy,andtheepic,beginningwiththeGreeks,,but,asIsaid,,ifyouknowChinese,:WhatarethemainproblemsintheinterculturaldialoguebetweenChinaandtheWestHowdowefacilitateeffectiveinterculturaldialoguePohl:Thereisalotofcontroversyaroundthetopicof“interculturaldialogue.”,themainquestioniswhereandbetweenwhomsuc,“dialogue”shouldnotbeunderstoodhereinanarrowsense,butinabroaderone,,ourhumanrelationshipstooneanotheraredialogical,,weneedthe“other”inordertoexperienceourselvesas“ourselves.”Thisalsoappliestoculturesinsofarasonecanactuallyonlyexperienceone’,weonlystar,interculturaldialogueshouldbeseenasaneffortforunderstandingthatcantakeplaceatalllevels,betweenindividuals,betweenpoliticians,membersofreligions,,caremustbetakenthatsuch“dialogue”doesnotleadtoa“monologue,”,,,someoneoncesaid,’100years,butonlyexperts(sinologists)knowaboutit,,,itisquitedifferent:Chineseintellectuals,inparticular,havestudiedEuropeanditsculture(philosophy,literature,art,etc.)intensivelysincetheOpiumWar[inthe1840s].—theWest’,’sjustnotmuchusetothem,becausetheWest,throughitsmilitary,economic,financial,andculturalpower,hasmanagedoverthelastcent,,becauseofChina’spoliticalotherness,,forexample,throughdiscussionsbetweenChineseandWesternersontelevisionorinthemedia,’sfriendsintheWest.


LaChineapubliévendredileRapport2021surlouverturemondiale,analysantlestendancesmondialesenmatièredouverture,degouvernanceéconomique,decommerceetdéde12chapitres,lerapportporteprincipalementsurlindicedelouverturemondiale,lamondialisationéconomique,lagouvernanceéconomiquemondiale,lecommerceetlinvestissement,louverturedelaChineetlinitiative"laCeintureetlaRoute".Selonlapublication,lindicedelouverturemondiale,quimesure129grandeséconomies,afluctuéentre0,74et0,78de2008à2019,montrantunetendanceglobaleàlavolatilitéetaudéouvertureestleseulmoyenpourunpaysdatteindrelaprospéritéetledéveloppement,uneétapecrucialepourlarésolutiondesproblèmescontemporains,etaussilemoteurfondamentalduprogrèsdescivilisationshumaines,éralismeetlerégionalismesontlesdeuxrouesdelamondialisationetdelagouvernanceéconomiques,etcesdeuxrouesdoiventfonctionnerensemblepouraméliorerlagouvernanceéégagentdelagouvernanceéconomiquemondiale,notammentunplusgrandnombredeplates-formesdegouvernancemultilatéraleetunpaysagedegouvernanceenmutation,laréformedelagouvernancerestantàlatrane,éreraumultilatéralismeetaurégionalismeouvert,donnertoutesaplaceaurleconstructifdesmécanismesmultilatérauxmondiauxetrégionaux,sauvegarderconjointementlesystèmecommercialmultilatéralbasésurdesrèglesetrenforcerlacoopérationenmatièredepolitiquesmacroéconomiques,éparlInstitutdeséconomiesetpolitiquesmondialesrelevantdelAcadémiedesSciencessocialesdeChineetleCentrederecherchepourleForuméconomiqueinternationaldeHongqiao,lerapportaétépubliédurantlaquatrièmeExpositioninternationaledimportationdelaChineà共于申城棋牌下载最新app手机版免费安装 Attheopeningceremonyofthe11thNationalCongressofChinaFederationofLiteraryandArtCirclesandthe10thNationalCongressofChinaWritersAssociationheldinDecember2021,GeneralSecretaryoftheCPCCentralCommitteeXiJinpingsaidinhisspeechthatnationalcharacte,shufa,calligraphyoftheChinesewritingsystem,,ChinesecalligraphicaestheticsetweenChinaandtheWest,examiningtheaestheticmechanismofshufathroughacross-culturallenscanrevealtracesofmodernizationintheoreticalconstructionofChinesecalligraphicaestheticsandcriticism,ydistinctiveinthatitsresearchobject,shufa,faisanationalartthatcanexpresstheloftiestartisticyijing(idea-scapesormood),,calligraphyisnotcommittedtoconveyingmeaningthroughsymbols,buttoexpressingcalligraphers’,brushesandinkcanbeelevatedaspartofcalligraphicaestheticsbecausetheyarenotmerelytoolsforwriting,bu,thenationalcharacteristicsofbrushesandinkarelikewisevaluedinpaintingtheory,whichinvolvesanothercrucialfeatureoftraditionalcalligraphicaesthetics:,,Zongpointedoutthatthespatialconfigura,’sspatialcharac,andassuch,tudy,proposedandpracticedbycalligrapherandcalligraphictheoristZhangHuaiguanfromtheTangDynasty(618–907).Anotherkeytraitoftraditiomphasizesthesynchronizationandsymbiosisbetweenmanandnature—,Chinesecall,theconceptofshufaziran,literally“natureofcalligraphy,”increationtheory,isdifferentfromtheWestern“imitation”redbynaturalphenomena,ratherthanimitating,reflecting,,traditionalcalligraphicaestheticsleveragesagreatmanyobjectsandphenomenainnature,whichissummarizedbyfamedFrench-ChineseartistandphilosopherPing-MingHsiungasyuwu(objectanalogy),usingnatur,togetherwithliteraryandpaintingtheories,contributestothecharacteristicsofexperientialperceptionandpoeticexpressioninChineseclassicalaesthetics,whichiswidelydiff,anaestheticexplorationofaparticularartform,aestheticsfromthestructuralbeautyofshufa,,thecategoryofshi(forceordynamicconfiguration)inChineseaestheticsoriginatedfromthesameconceptinChinesemilitarytactics,andthentransitionedtoshufa,,itisfeasibletobuild,paintingtheory,andphilosophicalaesthetics,Chinesecalligraphicaestheticsis,inreality,lessimpactedbyWesterntheoryandthoughttrends,’sartisticontologyandaestheticmechanism,Chinesecalligraphicaestheticsshouldendstereotypicalimage-,experience-,,Hsiungcalledforbreakthroughsinthesystem,concepts,andmethodologyoftraefield,suchas:HowshouldscholarsorganizeprevioustheorieswithnewtoolsandthusbuildanewsystemHowcanartistsaccessnewpossibilities,seeknewpaths,createnewinkyimages,andopenupnewfrontiersincalligraphicaestheticsThemode,calligraphicaestheticshasclearlydivorceditselffromthecriticalmodelwhichemphasizesexperience,perception,andrhetoric,integratingmodernacademicparadigmssuchaslogicalspeculation,generalization,andanalysis,,ZhangYinlin,LinYutang,,manycalligraphicaestheticianswereobsessedwithWesternmethodologies,,inawiderangeofdisciplines,some“one-size-fits-all”meth,someotherscholarsdugdeeperintoChinesecalligraphyusingvisualperception,analysisofforms,andsemioticapproaches,rombothrationalityandanti-rationality,onthepretext,summarizingasetofrulesonshufawiththehelpofmodernWesternvisualpsychology(suchasGestaltPsychologyandmodernexperimentalpsychology),surrealism,andabstractionismwillnotonlyilluminatenationalizedcalligraphicstudy,,althoughcontemporarycalligrapherQiuZhenzhongacknowledgedcalligraphy’snatureofabstractcomposition,hewassoberlyawarethatthecomponentanalysismethodforallvisualartswasunabletomovedeepintothestructureofChinesecalligraphicforms,,itisvitaltotakeintofullconsiderationtheuniquenatureofshufa,whetherconsideringitsbasicunit—Chinesecharacters—ardcalligraphyasanartofcomposition,,basedonChinesecharacters,’sgraphica,itisnecessarytogobacktotheplainlogicthatcalligraphyisaboutwrittenlanguagesymbols,,someself-purportedisremainedanunsolvedessentialquestiontocalligraphicaesthetics,andthepointofdeparturefromwhichthefie,literaryaestheticianZhaoXianzhangputforwardtheconceptofshuxiang(calligraphicimage).Inhisopinion,calligraphicimagesillustratetextsandemanatetheessenceofcalligraphy,,becauseitisanaestheticrepresentationoflanguage,whichhetermed“thehomelandofexistence,”whereaspaintingisjusta“thinfilmofexistence.”Hewasmainlydevotedtoarticulatingthetransformationfromliteraryartintocalligraphy,maintainingthattranslationfromlanguageartstographicar,Zhaoheldthatessentially,invisibleliterarylanguageimagesaretrans’sliterarycalligraphyimagetheoryis,ontheonehand,acreativeexplorationofthegenerativemechanismofcalligraphy’,itisameaningfulreflectiononthemodernizationofChinesecalligraphicaesthetics,’sresearchontheoreticalresourcesfromWesternvisualpsychologyandmodernabstractionism,basedontheabstractstylingfeaturesofshufa,andZhao’squestforin-depthphenomenologicalinterpretationsofcalligraphyastheontologyofgraphicarts,’smodernization,butalsoitslogicalstartingpoint,,aChinesenationalart,weshouldgroundourselvesexactlyin,literaryattributes,andimplicationsforlife,oftraditionalcalligraphicaesthetics,’sontologyandvisualreceptionmechanismfromnewperspectivesandwithnewapproaches,particularlyWesternphilosophical,aesthetic,andartresearchmethods,

Overthepast40-oddyears,thereconstructionofChinesesociologydevelopedrapidlywithChina’seconomicreform,’sreconstructionwithreformandopeningupprovidesaperfectperspectivetoreviewthecontemporaryprogressofChinesesocietythroughsociologists’,thisstudytracestheirproblemawarenessandacademicpracticesfromtheirpers,theneachgeneration’shistoryiscreatedb,asreformandopeningupwasanewturningpointbothinthegreatrejuvenationoftheChinesenationandinthelifeexperiencesoftheChinesepeople,acontinuousimpactonindividuals’,Xiaxiang(DowntotheCountrysideMovement),Gaokao(NationalCollegeEntranceExamination),studyingabroad,andotheraccompanyingeventshadcontinuousimpactson,orevenredirected,,mostofthesociologistsinterviewedhadtheexperienceofgoingtothecountryside,workinginfactories,,beforeengaginginsociologicalresearch,“primary-levelexperience”madethisgenerationofChinesesociologistsverysimilartothegenerat1940s,thatgenerationofAmericanscholarsacquiredtheabilityof“othering”acrossracial,regional,,andresultantempathy,helpedthegenerationof,professionaltraininginsociologyalsoenabledthemtoisolatethemselvesfromothersinthegeneration,developintrospection,,thesociologistsformedasociologicalimaginationthatconnectedtheirpersonalexperiencesanddifficultieswiththetimesandsociety,,local,andglobalfeaturesWiththesociologicalimaginationobtained,sociologistsdevotedthemselvestothegreatunder’smodernizationoverthepastmorethanfourdecades,includingcreationsandresponses,advancedChinesesociology,sociologists’academicimagination,researchpractices,andtheoreticaldiscoveridistinctepochal,local,,themainstreamnarrativeofpost-reconstructionChinesesociologypresentsthegreatpractic,avarietyofissueswerediscussed,includingthehouseholdcontractresponsibilitysystem,townshipenterprises,migrantworkers,populationmobility,socialstratification,socialgovernance,’,inthecontextofreformandopeningup,alltheaforemention,,local,andglobalcharacteristicsofChinesesociologysinceitwasreconstructed,itmustdrawonalargenumberofglobalacademicresources,includingWesternsociology,tobuild“modern”,itcontinuedthe“Sinicization”orlocalizationtraditionofsociologywhichstartedinthe1930s,buildingadiscipline,,theparticularityofChinesesocietynecessitatesthelocalizationofsocialsciences,,thedevelopmentofsocialsciencesmustbeconnectedwithglobalcircumstances,whichisdeterminedbytheoutsideworld,,whogrewupalongwithreformandopeningup,candelivertheiruniqueunderstandingsofChinesesocietytot,anewtraditionofChinesesociologywillbewrittenbasedonthemodernitynarrativeofChina’emicForuminChina2022.Chinasnationaldefensebuildingwhichincludesstrengtheningthemilitaryhasmaderapidprogressandenteredanewera,similartotheprogressmadebysocialismwithChinesecharacteristics,snationaldefensebuildinghasprogressedthroughstrengtheningofpoliticalloyalty,reform,andresearchandmilitarytrainingandcombatreadiness,paceusLiberationArmyhasdismantledthesystemsofgeneraldepartments,,managementandoperationalcommandsystemsincludetheCentralMilitaryCommissionexercisingoverallleadership,makingthetheatercommandsresponsibleformilitaryoperations,modernizedmilitaryforcewithChinesecharacteristics,changingthestructureofmilit,ontheotherhand,havehelpedimproveandreshapethesocture,,andChinasmilitarydevelopment,thePLA,asinthepast,willalwayscherishpeace,andfollowChinasforeig,andisfirmlycommittedtoupholdingtheprinciplesoftheUnitedNationsCharter,safeguardingtheworldorderwiththeUNatitscore,followinginternationallaw,abidingbytheprinciplesofsovereignequalityandnon-interferenceinothercountriesinternalaffairs,andopposinganyforeigninterferenceinthenameofspreading"democracy","freedom"andsafeguarding"humanrights".China,securityanddevelopment,protectingnationalinterestsoverseas,securingregionalandglobalpeaceandstability,sarmedforceshavecomprehensivelyimplementedthepledgesChinesePresidentXiJinpingmadeduringtheUNLeaders,ChinasarmedforceshaveparticipatedinandsupportedUNpeacekeepingoperations,makingctotaketosupportUNpeacekeeping:buildingastandbypeacekeepingforce,helpingincreasethecapabilitiesofUNpeacekeepingforces,trainingforeignpeacekeepers,providingmilitaryaidfortheAfricanUnion,formingthefirstpeacekeepinghelicopterunit,andestablishingtheContributorofpeacekeepersamongthefivepermanentUNSecurityCouncilmembers,andhasbeenprovidingpublismilitaryhasalsoescortedshipstoprotectthemagainstpirates,andprovidedintern,Chinahasparticipatedin25UNpeacekeepingmissions,contributingabout50,000peacekeepers,andasofSeptember2020,altogether16Chines,Chinaspeacekeepershavebuiltorrepairedmorethan17,000kilometersofroads,removedover14,000landminesandunexplodedbombs,,providedmedicalcarefortheinjuredandweak,rescuedover246,000people,,theChinesemilitaryhascooperatedwithtroopsfrom90countriesand10internationalandregionalorganizationsandenhancedmutualunderstandingandimproveditspeacekeepingcapabilitythroughvisits,expertcommunication,,Chinesepeacekeepershavebeenadisciplinedforce,safeguardingpeaceandjustice,,smilitarywillcontinuetoworkwithitscounterpartsfromothercountriestosafeguardworldpeaceandstability,atTechxcope,athinktank.


Theriseofconfrontationalandexclusiveforcesintoday’,arecrucialforinternationalrelations,allsovereignstatesshouldfollowtheprinciplesofequality,mutualrespect,,,whichisalsothefoundationofstatesymbiosis,,theliberalworldcreatedvariouspoliticaldoctrinestofindtheoreticalexcusesforinterferinginothercountries’domesticaffairs,,itisdestinedtobedangerous,,amongwhichconfrontationalinstitutionalsystemwithincountrieshavelongbeenneglected,whileithasanegativeimpactonmultilateralism,globalgovernance,,rrangeme,withgrowingdoubtsaboutwhetheritsdomesticconfrontationalnaldivisionsandrivalries,,andthedecliningwillingness,sluggishnessandwobbleofmoreandmorecountriesregardingglobalgovernance,arere,,,andChinesepoliticaleconomytheory,whenweunderstandtheworldbasedonthelogicalclueofproduction-exchange-distribution-state-worldmarket-liberation,wemightbeabletoprovideanewviewofinternationalpolitics,andwecouldtrytounderstandinternationalpoliticsfromtheperspectivesofallhumemicForuminChina2022.

LaChineapubliévendredileRapport2021surlouverturemondiale,analysantlestendancesmondialesenmatièredouverture,degouvernanceéconomique,decommerceetdéde12chapitres,lerapportporteprincipalementsurlindicedelouverturemondiale,lamondialisationéconomique,lagouvernanceéconomiquemondiale,lecommerceetlinvestissement,louverturedelaChineetlinitiative"laCeintureetlaRoute".Selonlapublication,lindicedelouverturemondiale,quimesure129grandeséconomies,afluctuéentre0,74et0,78de2008à2019,montrantunetendanceglobaleàlavolatilitéetaudéouvertureestleseulmoyenpourunpaysdatteindrelaprospéritéetledéveloppement,uneétapecrucialepourlarésolutiondesproblèmescontemporains,etaussilemoteurfondamentalduprogrèsdescivilisationshumaines,éralismeetlerégionalismesontlesdeuxrouesdelamondialisationetdelagouvernanceéconomiques,etcesdeuxrouesdoiventfonctionnerensemblepouraméliorerlagouvernanceéégagentdelagouvernanceéconomiquemondiale,notammentunplusgrandnombredeplates-formesdegouvernancemultilatéraleetunpaysagedegouvernanceenmutation,laréformedelagouvernancerestantàlatrane,éreraumultilatéralismeetaurégionalismeouvert,donnertoutesaplaceaurleconstructifdesmécanismesmultilatérauxmondiauxetrégionaux,sauvegarderconjointementlesystèmecommercialmultilatéralbasésurdesrèglesetrenforcerlacoopérationenmatièredepolitiquesmacroéconomiques,éparlInstitutdeséconomiesetpolitiquesmondialesrelevantdelAcadémiedesSciencessocialesdeChineetleCentrederecherchepourleForuméconomiqueinternationaldeHongqiao,lerapportaétépubliédurantlaquatrièmeExpositioninternationaledimportationdelaChineà


黔东南新闻传媒有限责任公司2022年公开招聘工作人员面试(专业测试)成绩公示

DesdignitairesétrangersetdesresponsablesdorganisationsinternationalesontfélicitémercredileConseilchinoispourlapromotionducommerceinternational(CCPIT)àlésidentindonésienJokoWidodo,quiaparticipéàunsommetparvidéomarquantcetanniversaire,aditquelIndonésieetlaChineontbeaucoupencommun,carlacoopérationcommercialesestdéveloppéerapidement,etquelesinvestissementsdansdiverssecteurs,notammentdanslesminesetlamétallurgie,lélectricitéetlesinfrastructures,lindustriemanufacturière,lagricultureetlapêche,reflètentdesintérêhui,lemondeabesoindedavantagedactionscollectivesetdecollaborationsinclusivesentrelespaysdéveloppésetleséconomiesendéveloppement,a-t-ilaffirmé.LIndonésieoptimiserasaprésidenceduG20pourcesquestions,aditlepréésidentéquatorienGuillermoLassoaconsidéréquesetournerverslAsie,cestsetournerverslavenirdumonde;cestpourquoi,a-t-ilpoursuivi,léquateurafaitdeladhésionàlAccordglobaletprogressifpourlepartenariattranspacifiqueuneprioritééquateursengageànégocieretàsignerunaccorddelibre-échangeaveclaChineafinderendrelesrelationscommercialesentrelesdeuxpaysplusfortesetplusdiversifiées,aaffirmé,ajoutantqueléquateuraccueillefavorablementlesnouvellesformesdinvestissementchinoisdanslessecteursdupétroleetdugaz,desmines,destélécommunications,deléénéraledelOrganisationmondialeducommerce(OMC),NgoziOkonjo-Iweala,aditlorsdesoninterventionausommetquencestempsdepandémies,deconflits,decrisesalimentaires,dedégradationdelenvironnementetderisquesderécession,lacoopésurdesquestionsdepointetellesquelafacilitationdelinvestissement,lecommercenumérique,unlargeéventaildepréoccupationsenvironnementales,notammentlapollutionparlesplastiques,etleseffortsvisantàrenforcerlaparticipationdesmicro,petitesetmoyennesentreprises(MPME)etdesfemmesaucommerce,aajoutélacheffedelutilisateursquotidiensdesrèglesetdisciplinesdelOMC,lesentreprisesenChineetdanslemondeentiersontdesacteursclésdusystèmecommercialmultilatéral,a-t-ellelancé.Lorsdusommet,LimJockHoi,secrétairegénéraldelAssociationdesnationsdelAsieduSud-Est(ASEAN),aindiquéqueleCCPITaréussiàpromouvoirlacoopérationenmatièredecommerceextérieuretdinvestissemententrelaChineetlemonde,ajoutantquelesrelationséconomiquesentrelASEANetlaChinenontjamaisétéaussifortesetétroitesquaujourdhui."Enréponseàlévolutionrapidedupaysageéconomiquemondialdanslèrepost-pandémique,lASEANetlaChinesoriententversunnouveaupartenariattournéverslavenir",a-t-ilconsidéré,ajoutantque"laportéedecepartenariatestvasteetcomprenddenombreusesprioritésémergentestellesqueleschanesdapprovisionnementrésistantes,léconomienumériqueetladurabilité",domainesdanslesquels,selonlui,l,présidentdel-ChinaBusinessCouncil(USCBC),aditqueleconseilestfierdeconsidérerleCériode,lesdeuxpartiesontaccomplidemagnifiquesréalisationsensemble,entravaillantdurpourdévelopperlesrelationscommercialesbilatéralesentrelesétats-UnisetlaChine,états-UnisetlaChinesonttousdeuxdegrandesnationscommercialesdotéesdunerichehistoireenmatièredentrepreneuriatetdinnovation,a-t-ilaffirmé,ajoutantquelesentreprisesaméricainescontinuentdeseconcentrersurlaChineavecunevisionàlongtermedesrelationsbilatéapasétéfacile,maislesobjectifsetlesvaleurspartagésrestentorientésdanslamêmedirectionversunecroissance,uneproductivitéetuneprospéritécontinues,a-t-ildit,rai,présidentdelAssociationjaponaisepourlapromotionducommerceinternational(JAPIT),asoulignééquecetteannéemarquele50eanniversaireéàcréerunenvironnementpropiceàééenmai1952,leCCPITapourobjectifdepromouvoirlecommerceextérieuretlerecoursauxinvestissementsétrangers,dintroduiredestechnologiesétrangèresavancéesetdemenerdesactivitésdecoopérationéconomiqueettechnologiquesino-étrangè


>>>LaTunisiepourraitpariersurlaChinecommeunmodérateuréconomiquemondial2022-05-0111:08:00Misàpartlalternativedopterpourlaconquêtedenouveauxpartenariats"gagnant-gagnant"(àlalumièredesmutationssurlascèneinternationale)avecdespuissancesémergentes,commeenestlecasdelInde,duBrésilouencorelAfriqueduSud,"laChineesttouteautrechose(...)Ellepeutconstituerunblocensoietpeutjouerlintermédiairepourtrouverlapaixmondialesurplusieursniveauxexceptionnellementéconomique",acommentéMajdiHassen,directeurexécutifdelInstitutarabedeschefsdentreprises(IACE)."LaChineabienanticipéeavecsoninitiativeLaCeintureetlaRoute,dautantplusdesonindispensabilitédansléquilibreéconomiquemondialedansuneconjoncturemarquéeparuneéconomiederareté,aggravéerécemmentparleconflitrusso-ukrainien",anotéécemmentaccordéeàXinhuaEtdepoursuivreque"laTunisieserait,probablement,danslacontraintederevoircertainsdesesaccordssousprétextequenospartenaires(particulièrementlUE,quidétientenviron70%deséchangesdelaTunisieaveclextérieur)serontdansunelogiquepluttprotectionniste,enplusdelamontéedesnationalisteslorsdesrécenteséchéancesélectoralesenEurope".Surleplanfinancier,sousleffetàcourtetmoyentermes,a-t-ilexpliqué,"laTunisiepourraitmiserdavantagesurlesdeuxmonnaiesémergentes,leroublerusseetleyuanchinois,quipourraientêtreplusancréesdanslepanierdedevisesdelaBanquecentraledeTunisie(BCT)"."Ilsagitdelunedessolutionspourtrouverunecertaineimmunitéfinancièredanslavenirvuquelesystèmemonétairemondialfondésurlamonnaieuniversellenecessedeseffritermais,également,lerecoursàcesnouvellesdevisescontribueradanslarelancedautressecteursvitauxpourlaTunisie,notammentletourismeainsiquelapprovisionnementenmatièrespremières(principalementlesproduitscéréaliersetpétroliers",aencoreestiméledirecteurexécutifdelIACE."Ainsi,a-t-ilassuré,chaqueblocaurasespropresrèglesdetransactionsetsespropresaccordsquiserventsesintérêtséconomiquesetfinanciersvitauxet,ainsi,rompreavecladominationdeleuroetdudollar".Evoquantleffetdirectduconflitrusso-ukrainienetlanouvellecarteéconomiquemondialesurlesentreprisestunisiennes,étectéauxniveauxdelaproduction,deladisponibilitéetducotdelamatièrepremière(...)celamèneraégalementdesproblèmesauniveaudel,"onpeutsattendreàdesflambéesdesprixdelélectricité,dutransportetdescarburants(...)etplusparticulièrement,desmenacessurleplandedéveloppementàsavoirunetendanceinflationnistequineferaquenourrirunetensionetdespressionssocialesgraves."AnoterqueledéficitdelabalancecommercialedelaTunisiesestaggravépoursesituerà,8millionsdedinars(undinaréquivautà0,33dollaraméricain),aupremiertrimestredelannéeencours,,3millionsdedinarspourlamêmepériodede2021,daprèsleschiffresofficielsdelInstitutnationaldelastatistique(INS)

>Les“DeuxSessions“delaChine,unefenêtrepourmieuxcomprendrelaChine2022-03-0716:49:00LesexpertsmondiauxontfaitpartleurintérêtenverslesprogrammesnationauxpourlannéedelaChinequisontdévoiléslorsdes"DeuxSessions"annuellestenuesàéunionsannuellesdelAssembléepopulairenationale(APN),lorganelégislatifsuprêmedupays,etduComiténationaldelaConférenceconsultativepolitiquedupeuplechinois(CCPPC),lorganeconsultatifpolitiquesuprê,auteuretcommentateurpolitiquebritannique,adéclaréqueles"DeuxSessions"sontunefenêtrepourobserverledéveloppementdelaChine,car"lesdécisionsquiémanentdecesréunionsreflèterontlesidéesetlescontributionsde(...)millionsdeChinoisordinaires".Deléconomieàladiplomatie,avecledéveloppementdelaChine,les"DeuxSessions"attirentdeplusenpluslélobjectifdecroissancedesonproduitintérieurbrut(PIB)àenviron5,5%pour2022,selonunrapportdactivitédugouvernementprésentésamediàlorganelégislatifnationalpourdélibéheureoùléconomiemondialeesttoujoursconfrontéeàunepressioncroissantedueàlapandémieetàdautresincertitudes,notammentlestensionsgéopolitiques,unobjectifdecroissancedenviron5,5%pourladeuxièmeplusgrandeéconomiedumondedevraitstimulerdemanièresignificativelarepriseéconomiquemondiale,avenir,larepriseestremplacéeparlemaintiendelastabilitéetdelaprogressiondudééeverslaveniretdéterminéeàmaintenirledéveloppementtoutenconservantunecroissanceraisonnable,aestiméStephenPerry,présidentdu48GroupClub,uneorganisationbritanniqueàbutnonlucratifquiviseaudéveloppementducommerceentrelaChineetleRoyaume-Uni."LapolitiquedéfinitivementstabledelaChineetlacroissanceéconomiquedemêmenousdonnentdesgarantiesquelaChinepeutjouerunrletrèspositifdansledéveloppementcontemporaindumonde",asaluéIvoJosipovi,ancienprééesdegrandeimportancepourlamodernisationdecepaysdAsiedelEst,lapromotiondundéveloppementdehautequalitéestmiseenavantcommelunedestachesmajeuresdanslerapportdactivité,directeurduCentreturcdétudesAsie-PacifiquebaséàAnkara,apréditqueleredressementrégulierdelaChinemalgrélapandémie,sondéveloppementdehautequalitéetsonactionenfaveurduneplusgrandeouverturedonnerontunélanplusfortàlareprisemondialedanslèêtedundéveloppementdequalité,laChineredoubledeffortsenmatièred,letotaldesinvestissementsenrecherchedé(environ442milliarddedollars),soitunehaussede14,2%englissementannuel,selonleministèinnovation,AnnaMalindog-Uy,professeuretchercheuseauseindugroupederéflexionPhilippines-BRICSStrategicStudies,baséàManille,aditàXinhuaquelapromotionparlaChineduneinnovationdehautequalité"estsansaucundouteunsuccèsphénoménal",quiaconduitàlatransitionrapidedelaChineversunenouvellephasededéveloppementéconomiquebaséesurlaàcesmesures,a-t-ellenoté,léconomiechinoiseestdevenuedavantageaxéesurlatechnologie,ajoutantquelesPhilippinesdevraientseninspirerpourexploiterleurpotentieléconomiqueetaméliorerlacompétitivité.KiyoyukiSeguchi,directeurderechercheauCanonInstituteforGlobalStudies(CIGS),asoulignéquelacapacitédinnovationseralaforcemotricedelamacroéconomiechinoiseàlécologique,quiestunélémentessentieldundéveloppementdequalité,laChineaannoncéquellesefforceraitdatteindrelepicdesémissionsdedioxydedecarbonedici2030etlaneutralitécarboned,ilsagitdunexemplecrucialpourlaluttecontreladéémergencedelapandémiedeCOVID-19,laChineetsespartenairesdanslemondeentiersesontmutuellementaidé,1milliardsdedosesdevaccinscontrelaCOVID-19àplusde120paysetorganisationsinternationales,aindiquéGuoWeimin,porte-paroledela5esessiondu13eComité,ministreégyptiendelEnseignementsupérieuretdelaRecherchescientifiqueetministredelaSantéparintérim,anotéquelaChineatoujoursrespectésonengagementàconstruireunecommunautédesantépourlhumanité.LaideapportéeparlaChineenmatièredevaccinsestlaplusimportanteaideétrangèrequelEgypteaitreuejusquàprésentpourluttercontrelapandémie,arappelé,ajoutantquelaChineaobtenudesrésultatsremarquablesdanssapropreluttecontrelapandé,laChineaprnéaussisonengagementàpromouvoirledéveloppementmondialparlouvertureetlacoopé,spécialistedesrelationsinternationalesbaséauKenya,asoulignéquelaChineétaitdevenueuneferventepartisanedumultilatéralismeetdelamondialisation,etquedenombreuxpayssattendaientàcequelleprennedenouvellesmesuresdouvertureetderéformelorsdesaréuniversitairegrecquePelagiaKarpathiotaki,lastabilitééconomiquedelaChineetsesinitiativesvisantàpromouvoirlacoopérationéconomiqueinternationaleapporterontunecontributionsignificativeencemomentdifficile,car"linfluencedelaChineestdésormaisextrêmementimportantepourreleverlesdéfismondiaux".Fin>Les“DeuxSessions“delaChine,unefenêtrepourmieuxcomprendrelaChine2022-03-0716:49:00LesexpertsmondiauxontfaitpartleurintérêtenverslesprogrammesnationauxpourlannéedelaChinequisontdévoiléslorsdes"DeuxSessions"annuellestenuesàéunionsannuellesdelAssembléepopulairenationale(APN),lorganelégislatifsuprêmedupays,etduComiténationaldelaConférenceconsultativepolitiquedupeuplechinois(CCPPC),lorganeconsultatifpolitiquesuprê,auteuretcommentateurpolitiquebritannique,adéclaréqueles"DeuxSessions"sontunefenêtrepourobserverledéveloppementdelaChine,car"lesdécisionsquiémanentdecesréunionsreflèterontlesidéesetlescontributionsde(...)millionsdeChinoisordinaires".Deléconomieàladiplomatie,avecledéveloppementdelaChine,les"DeuxSessions"attirentdeplusenpluslélobjectifdecroissancedesonproduitintérieurbrut(PIB)àenviron5,5%pour2022,selonunrapportdactivitédugouvernementprésentésamediàlorganelégislatifnationalpourdélibéheureoùléconomiemondialeesttoujoursconfrontéeàunepressioncroissantedueàlapandémieetàdautresincertitudes,notammentlestensionsgéopolitiques,unobjectifdecroissancedenviron5,5%pourladeuxièmeplusgrandeéconomiedumondedevraitstimulerdemanièresignificativelarepriseéconomiquemondiale,avenir,larepriseestremplacéeparlemaintiendelastabilitéetdelaprogressiondudééeverslaveniretdéterminéeàmaintenirledéveloppementtoutenconservantunecroissanceraisonnable,aestiméStephenPerry,présidentdu48GroupClub,uneorganisationbritanniqueàbutnonlucratifquiviseaudéveloppementducommerceentrelaChineetleRoyaume-Uni."LapolitiquedéfinitivementstabledelaChineetlacroissanceéconomiquedemêmenousdonnentdesgarantiesquelaChinepeutjouerunrletrèspositifdansledéveloppementcontemporaindumonde",asaluéIvoJosipovi,ancienprééesdegrandeimportancepourlamodernisationdecepaysdAsiedelEst,lapromotiondundéveloppementdehautequalitéestmiseenavantcommelunedestachesmajeuresdanslerapportdactivité,directeurduCentreturcdétudesAsie-PacifiquebaséàAnkara,apréditqueleredressementrégulierdelaChinemalgrélapandémie,sondéveloppementdehautequalitéetsonactionenfaveurduneplusgrandeouverturedonnerontunélanplusfortàlareprisemondialedanslèêtedundéveloppementdequalité,laChineredoubledeffortsenmatièred,letotaldesinvestissementsenrecherchedé(environ442milliarddedollars),soitunehaussede14,2%englissementannuel,selonleministèinnovation,AnnaMalindog-Uy,professeuretchercheuseauseindugroupederéflexionPhilippines-BRICSStrategicStudies,baséàManille,aditàXinhuaquelapromotionparlaChineduneinnovationdehautequalité"estsansaucundouteunsuccèsphénoménal",quiaconduitàlatransitionrapidedelaChineversunenouvellephasededéveloppementéconomiquebaséesurlaàcesmesures,a-t-ellenoté,léconomiechinoiseestdevenuedavantageaxéesurlatechnologie,ajoutantquelesPhilippinesdevraientseninspirerpourexploiterleurpotentieléconomiqueetaméliorerlacompétitivité.KiyoyukiSeguchi,directeurderechercheauCanonInstituteforGlobalStudies(CIGS),asoulignéquelacapacitédinnovationseralaforcemotricedelamacroéconomiechinoiseàlécologique,quiestunélémentessentieldundéveloppementdequalité,laChineaannoncéquellesefforceraitdatteindrelepicdesémissionsdedioxydedecarbonedici2030etlaneutralitécarboned,ilsagitdunexemplecrucialpourlaluttecontreladéémergencedelapandémiedeCOVID-19,laChineetsespartenairesdanslemondeentiersesontmutuellementaidé,1milliardsdedosesdevaccinscontrelaCOVID-19àplusde120paysetorganisationsinternationales,aindiquéGuoWeimin,porte-paroledela5esessiondu13eComité,ministreégyptiendelEnseignementsupérieuretdelaRecherchescientifiqueetministredelaSantéparintérim,anotéquelaChineatoujoursrespectésonengagementàconstruireunecommunautédesantépourlhumanité.LaideapportéeparlaChineenmatièredevaccinsestlaplusimportanteaideétrangèrequelEgypteaitreuejusquàprésentpourluttercontrelapandémie,arappelé,ajoutantquelaChineaobtenudesrésultatsremarquablesdanssapropreluttecontrelapandé,laChineaprnéaussisonengagementàpromouvoirledéveloppementmondialparlouvertureetlacoopé,spécialistedesrelationsinternationalesbaséauKenya,asoulignéquelaChineétaitdevenueuneferventepartisanedumultilatéralismeetdelamondialisation,etquedenombreuxpayssattendaientàcequelleprennedenouvellesmesuresdouvertureetderéformelorsdesaréuniversitairegrecquePelagiaKarpathiotaki,lastabilitééconomiquedelaChineetsesinitiativesvisantàpromouvoirlacoopérationéconomiqueinternationaleapporterontunecontributionsignificativeencemomentdifficile,car"linfluencedelaChineestdésormaisextrêmementimportantepourreleverlesdéfismondiaux".Fin


【我们都是志愿者】守“筑” 空中门户 机场青年在行动 GaoJianpingisaresearchfellowfromtheCASS,directoroftheInstituteofAestheticsandLiteraryCriticismatShenzhenUniversity,:COURTESYOFGAOAsaseniorscholar,ProfessorGaoJianpinghaslongbeendevotedtotheresearchofaesthetics,literarytheories,aestheticeducation,contemporaryculturalstudies,,GaosharedhisstudiesofC:HowdoweunderstandaestheticsGao:Thedefinitionofaestheticshasbeenrepeatedlydiscussedinacademia,astheobjectofthisdisciplinehasundergonemanychanges,’satte,humanbeingswillhavevariousfeelings,,andhumanbeingsneedabstractiontounderstandconcretethings,,whichmayberelatedtothetranslationoftheword“aesthetics.”AlexanderGottliebBaumgartenderivedtheterm“Aesthetica”,generationsofscholarshavehaddifferentinterpretationsofthisterm,Chōmintranslatedtheterm“Aesthetica”into美学accordingtotheJapaneseunderstandingof“Aesthetica”,ChinesescholarsintroducedthisdisciplinetoChinaanddirectlyadoptedtheterm美学[literallystudyofbeauty].Becauseofthistranslation,,therearemanykindsofbeauty,nlystudybeautyinanarrowsense,’saffectionarenotnecessarilybeautiful,whichmayrelatetoothercategoriesofaestheticsbesides“thebeautiful,”suchas“thesublime.”CSST:Accordingtoyou,inadditiontotheclassicaestheticcategoriessuchasthebeautifulandthesublime,aestheticobjectsshouldalsobeconsideredfortheir“senseofhistory”and“senseofnovelty.”CanyouelaboratefurtheronthisGao:“gu-ya”[guinChinesemeansancientorage-old,andyagraceorelegance]asanewcategoryofbeauty,,especiallyart,embodyasenseoftime,,,,,,thebeautyofanan,,mythsaredominatedbythesenseofnovelty[fromtheperspectiveofaesthetics].Inaddition,:WhataretheuniquefeaturesofChineseaestheticsGao:Asweallknow,ChineseandWesterna,Westernaestheticsresearchhasbeensystematicfromtheverybeginning,notonlyattachingimportancetothedefinitionandinterpretationofconceptsandcategories,-Qinperiod(priorto221BCE).,accordingtoTheAnalects,Confuciusdistinguishesbetweenmusicthatisbeautifulandmorallygood[Shaomusic],andmusicthatisbeautifulbutnotmorallygood[Wumusic],whichexpressestheConfucianaestheticconcept:,,Confucianbeautydependsonmoralgoodness,,,however,theexplorationanddemonstrationofbeautyinancientChinafocusedmoreonsensibility,intuition,andindividualperception,,inancientChina,therewasnotanideologicalsystemofaestheticsasintegratedasthatoftheWest,,undertheinfluenceofthespiritofscience,,theChinesebelievethateverythingintheworldisinmotion,and,representativ,ontheotherhand,stressadynamicvisualtourthroughthewindingpathsandzig-zaggalleries,onofgeometricforms,,whichhasbeeninfluencedbyChinesecalligraphy,breaksthelayoutofgeometricfiguresandemphasizesthemovementandstrengthofthebrush,istsmovetheirhandsonseeingtheircalligraphyorpaintings,andthenassociatetheartists’,wecanunderstandthecoreconceptsofChineseart,suchasqi-yun[verve,spiritresonance]andfeng-shen[vimandvigor].WhatI’,aestheticshasevolvedthroughanextremelylongprocess,:DoyouhaveanyadviceforcontemporaryChineseaestheticsresearchGao:Abigprobleminthecomparativestudyofaestheticsissimplydividingtheworldintotwoparts:“West”,wh,,[oneofthefoundersofthestudyofaestheticsin20th-centuryChina]fromtheWest,andfoundthatwhenhecitedChineseexamplesfortheoreticalexplanation,,China’smodernaestheticstudyisnotasimplecombinationofChineseandWesternideas,buttheabsorptionoftheessenceofWeste’:“Goingglobal”ticsGao:Inmyopinion,whatscholarsshouldpayattentiontotodayishowtopromoteChina’smodernandcontemporaryculturalachievementsto“goglobal.”Inasense,ancientChineseculturehasalready“goneglobal.”Manyancienttexts,suchastheConfucianclassics,’,,,researchersaremostlyengagedinthestudyofWesternaestheticsandtraditionalaesthetics,,justlikeChina,thesecountrieshavemadeachievementsinlocalizingWesternaestheticsandmodernizingtheirownancientaesthetics,,theChineseculturalsymbolscontainedinthisopeningceremonywerestilltheachievementsofancientChinesecivilization,suchasthe“FourGreatInventions.”Thisrevealsanoldwayofthinkingininternationalcommunication:lookingforChinesesymbolsinthemindsofWesterners,’,’sanswerreflectsasenseofhelplessness,,itisnecessarytosummar’mwritingahistoryofChineseaestheticsinthe20thcentury,andI’mgoingtotranslateitintoEnglishafterfinishingthebook,withahopetohelpChineseaesthetics“goglobal.”WhenitcomestotheinternationalcommunicationofChineseculture,itisalsoceisnotreally“goingglobal.”IncreasingtheexposureofChineseacademicachwithoutbringingthemtheoreticalinspiration,isnomorethanapracticeofsatisfyingtheircuriosity,whichdoesn’heworld,otherwiseitcanonlybea“transporter”“goglobal”dependsonwhetherouracademicresearchershavetheabilityto“goglobal.”Itrequiresscholarstoestablishagoodgroundingintheiracademicfieldsandproducerealstuff.“Goingglobal”isnotour“terminal,”andgoodscholarswon’tspendalldaythinkingabouthowtogetWesternerstorecognizetheirresearch,,themostimportantdrivefortheinternationalcommunicationofChineseacademicstudiesisthatourresearchmustbevaluable,cutting-edge,andhigh-quality.

Inourtradition,thesocialsciences,particularlysociology,,theWesternworldhaslostitshegemonyovertheproductionoftheirparadigms,organizedaroundtwocentralnarratives:thesuperiorityofW“East”andthe“West”byopeningthehorizonstoawealthofself-directednarrativesbysocietiesworldwide,“Western”and“non-Western”sociologiescanintersectandinteract,formingshared,diveor15yearswithProfessorsLiPeilin,XieLizhong,LiYoumei,etc.,weproposedapost-Westernsoracterizedbythetwoprinciples:“therest”ributedtodisplacingEurocentrismtodeconstructbinariesbetweenEastandWest,discriminationandresista,,wearefocusedoninterconnectedness,assemblagesanddis-assemblagesbetweenWeste,ifwehaveconsideredanon-WesternWest,wehavetoconsiderthepluralizationofepistemicarchenemiesindifferentpartsoftheworld,,itmeansSinicization;inChinesesociology,’snotanewtopic,,whodefendsanacademicismdependentonAmerican-centrismtoqualify“worldsociology,”andHeFeng’,historicepistemicautonomywithLiPeilinandQuJingdongthroughthere-establishmentofcontinuitieswithsociologybefore1949,,wesearchforexample,,discursivepluralismappearstobelinkedtoaformofuniversalism,,gyofknowledgebetweenthe“WesternWest,”the“non-WesternWest,”the“WesternEast,”the“EasternEast,”andthe“re-EasternizedEast,”:thefirstone,themultiplicationandhierarchizationofepistemicautonomiesvis-à-visWesternhegemonie“cross-pollination”process,basedoncontinuitiesanddiscontinuities,conjunctionsanddisjunctionsbetweenlocalknowledgeonthegapsbetween“Western”and“non-Western”,legacies,andcontroversiesinEurope,“knowledgeniches”sm,sociologicaltransnationalism,/intervalsbetweentheperspectives,practices,,co-doingfieldworkinapluralityofspaces,situations,contexts,,theyaresharingfieldwork,“creolized”“Western”and“non-Western”theoriesmeet;howsharedsoécoleNormaleSupéalAcademicForuminChina2022.iP138 iP138小程序 iP138微信小程序 AStudyofNaturalDisasterandCountrySocietyAlongtheLowerReachesoftheYangtzeRiverDuringtheMingandQingDynastiesAStudyofNaturalDisasterandCountrySocietyAlongtheLowerReachesoftheYangtzeRiverDuringtheMingandQingDynasties,authoredbyZhuangHuafeng,aprofessorfromtheSchoolofHistoryatAnhuiNormalUniversity,’diffusionprocess,evolutionlaw,andcharacteristicsatvariouslevelsofruralsocietyinJiangnan[regionssouthoftheYangtzeRiver],themechanism,characteristics,andeffectivenessofgovernmentalandnongovernmentalresponsetodisasters,aswellaeRiverduringtheMing(1368–1644)andQing(1644–1911)dynasties,includingfloods,droughts,plaguesoflocustsandotherpests,stormtides,hail,snowdisasters,earthquakes,andepidemics,were5,964,with2,822inMingand3,142inQingrespectively,,floodsanddroughtswerethemostfrequent,andtheyhadthelongestdurationandthehighestdegreestricken,,socialinstabilityfactorscontinuedtoferment,causingsuchproblemsastheprevalenceofpanicscrambleforrice,refusaltopaygraintaxesandothertaxes,rampantlocalbanditry,frequentunrestofdisastervictims,,political,andeconomicchangesshowsthatnaturaldisasterswerenotsimplycausedbynaturalfactors,butalsocloselyrelatedtosocialfactorssuchaspopulationaggregation,economicdevelopment,,thepopulationofJiangnanincreasedsharply,,theregionwaslocatedinamonsoonclimatezone,ddlereaches,theregionwasverysusceptibleto“enteringadisorderedstate,”whichdirectlytriggeredpopulationchanges,socialconflicts,thecollapseofruralorder,,varioustypesofdisasterreliefmechanismscoexisted,disasterstofollownaturaldisasters,,unreasonableexploitation,especiallyofreclaiminglandaroundlakesandindiscriminatedeforestation,resultedinirreversibledamagetotheecology,whilesoilandwatererosiondirectlyledtofrequentfloodsanddroughts,ty.


ShenJiaxuanPhoto:InstituteofLinguistics,CASSOnNovember15,2020,thebookNounsandVerbswrittenbytheChineselinguistShenJiaxuanwont,ShenputforwardatheorythatinChinesealltheverbsareverbalnouns,orthen,ShenhasthoroughlydemonstratedthetheorythatChineseverbsarepartofnounswithover60essaysandsixbooks,settingoffarevolutionarywaveinthefieldofChineselinguistics,andshakingthedeep-rootedtraditionofapplyingthe’’sharvestwasdeeplyrootedinthe“SpringofScience”jingin1978,GuoMoruo,thenthepresidentoftheChineseAcademyofSciences(CAS),deliveredaspeechunderthetitleof“SpringofScience,”whichpoeticallypronouncedthatthe“SpringofScience”[aneweraofrevitalizedscientificresearchinChina]rs,includingShenJiaxuan,’sreturnbanquetwhenheworkedasliaisonforChinesetelecommunicationsduringtheUSPresidentRichardNixon’,beingintrovertedbynature,“SpringofScience,”ShendecidedtoapplytotheInstituteofLinguisticsattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences(CASS),andwasadmittedtothein,histeacherZhaoShikaigavehimalonglistofbooks,,’nmathematicallinguisticsclassesinotheruniversities,andattendpsychologyseminarsattheInstituteofPsychology,(1904–1998),founderofmodernChineselinguisticstudies,wasalsooneofShen’’sthesis,[linguistic]studyprogramsoverseaswerebetterthanathome,andgaveShenadvicethatseemedincredible,butwasofgreatsignificance:toextensivelycollectarticlesonoverseasstudiesoftheChineselanguage,whichwerepublishedinEnglish,andma,becausein1980,,,itwasajourneytoanunknownworld,,,Shenreadtheabstract,madenotes,’sthesisconsistsoftwoparts:asummaryofoverseasstudiesofChineselanguagesasapreface,,Shen’sEnglishindexwaspublished,’,andstillfeelsthatwritingsuchapaperwasgoodacademictraining,whichhelpedhimhaveacomprehensiveunderstan,’sclassics,introducingpragmatics,cognitivelinguistics,andtheoriesoflinguistictypology,grammaticalization,uistics,,withlessthan100pages,wasthecrystallizationofLyu’slife-longwork,,“Everytimethebook[AnalysisofChineseGrammar]becameworn,,Iwouldlearnsomethingnew.”ShenhasownedfourcopiesofAnalysisofChineseGrammar,eachwornwithuse,:“Aperson’slifeisfinite,,mated,”“Thinkoutofthebox”Lyuoncesaid:“Itiscrucialtothinkoutofthebox……Wemusttemporarilythrowasidetheconceptssuchas‘word,’‘verb,’‘adjective,’‘subject,’and‘object.’Theseconceptsmaybe‘pickedup’‘thrownaside’and‘pickedup’again,becausethemeaningandvaluegiventothesetermshavechanged,andwearenolongerhedgedinwithrulesandregulations.”Inthepastdecadeorso,Shen’sworkhasbeencenteredon“thinkingoutofthebox,”“throwingaside,”and“pickingupagain.”In2007,Shen’spapertitled“NounsandVerbsinChinese”waspublished,layingthefoundationforhistheorythat“nounsinChinesecontainverbs.”HeholdstheviewthatinChinese,verbsareaspecialtypeofnounthatexpressanaction,anevent,orastate,becauseChineseverbs,likenouns,“NounsandVerbsinChinese,”Shenhaspublisheddozensofpapers,focusingonthemostimportanttwopairsofgrammaticalcategories—“nounsandverbs,”and“subjectandpredicate,”“thinkingoutofthebox,”“throwingaside,”and“pickingupagain”thatbroughtarevolutionarywavetoChineselinguistics,overthrowingtheframeworkoftheoldtheoreticalsystem,andbrewingthestartofthetheorythat“nounsinChinesecontainverbs.”,Shensaid:“Itwouldbeha,however,wecanfindsomethingdifferent.”However,mechanicallyadoptingthestructuralfoundationandtheoreticalsystemofIndo-EuropeanlanguagesforChineselanguagesandframingChineselanguageaccordingtothepatternofIndo-Europeanlanguages,“thinkingoutofthebox”andgettingridofthe“shacklesoftheIndo-Europeanpattern.”Thetheorythat“nounsinChinesecontainverbs”explodedthefoundationofthethen-currenttheoreticalframeworkofChinesegrammar,,Shenmadef’stheoryisnowbeingrecognizedbymoreandmoreofhispeers,’seyes,,whenheseespostersbytheroadside,withChineseaboveandEnglishbelow,hewillnoticethedifferentwaysthetwolanguagesareexpressed,,healwayscarriedasmallnotebookandre,heestablishedawordbookofChineseverbalslipsandwroteseveralimportantarticles,suchas“TypesofTongueSlips.”ShenonceborrowedtheWoxianCaotangeditionofRulinWaishi[TheScholars,aChinesenovelcompletedin1750;itsearliestextanteditionisthe1803WoxianCaotangedition]“SentencesWheretheSubjectisaVerbandthePredicateisaNoun,”anarticlehewro,Shendidn’tmissoutonthenovelBlossoms,:“WhenreadingBlossoms,Ihavethedelightoffollowingtherhythm.”Afterreadingthenovel,Shenwroteamonographonlinguistics—,WeiGangqiang,deputyeditor-in-chiefof21stCenturyPublishingGroup,commented:“Itisrareandsignificantforlinguiststopayattentiontoandinterpretthelanguageofcurrentliteraryworks……ShenJiaxuan’sinsightsarenotonlytheachievementsofhislinguisticresearch,butalsovaluablereferenceforotherpeopleintermsofliterarycreation,translation,criticism,andgeneralacademicwork.”Shenmentionedthemovie“ZeroDarkThirty”lybasedondata,,becauseasmallfragmentofdatai,heoftentellshisstudentsthatthekeytosearchingforlinguisticinstancesdoesn’tlieinhowmanyinstancesyouhavecollected,hcontrast,

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